Simon Simon (18571925) 
Simon Simon, born in Allschwil (Basel, Switzerland), was an engineering student of Albert Heim at ETH Zurich, like Xaver Imfeld and Fridolin Becker. From 1880 to 1886, he worked as a military engineer for the Swiss Federation. 1886, not even 30 years old, he quit his job and dedicated his time to the construction of a relief model of the Bernese Oberland area. Simon Simon was honorary member of the Swiss Alpine Club. In the aftermath of the World War I, he became a pacifist. At the age of 68, he passed away, impoverished and sick of pneumonia.
Swiss Alpine Museum
He created several terrain models while working as a topographer. His masterpiece was a large model of the Bernese Oberland at a scale of 1:10,000. With an area of
At the Swiss national exhibition in Bern in 1914, this model was first displayed to the public. Today it can be visited at the Swiss Alpine Museum in Berne.
 Caminada, Paul. Pioniere der Alpentopographie. 2003. S.209. and Gygax, Fritz. Das topographische Relief in der Schweiz. 1937. S.55-65.